People today usually recognize irregular teeth or obvious jaw deformities and seek treatment for an orthodontist, who can improve tooth alignment, function, and facial esthetics. More severe deformities that require a combination of orthodontics and surgery for correction are called “dentofacial deformities”.
These deformities can affect physical orofacial function in several ways.
Mastication can be impaired, and, especially in severe cases, this impairment can affect digestion and general nutritional health.
Lip incompetence due to excessive vertical growth of the maxilla results in mouth breathing, which eliminates the physiologic effect of the nose on breathing.
Speech is often affected by dentofacial deformities despite adaptive capabilities of the body.
Irregular teeth may have a profound effect on maintaining proper oral hygiene and thus make teeth more susceptible to dental caries and periodontal disease. Normal temporomandibular function is also often affected by several types of dentofacial deformities.
The physical effects of a dentofacial deformity are important, but the psychosocial impact of a dentofacial deformity on an individual is often paramount. Such a deformity can profoundly affect the quality of life and entail lifelong adjustment.
The problems can be one of the following:
Discrepancy in upper and lower jaw horizontally or vertically.