A cyst is defined as a pathologic cavity lined by epithelium. The common feature of all the cysts are the stimulation of residual developmental epithelial cells leading to proliferation but there is no invasion of adjacent tissues.
As the mass enlarges, the epithelial cells in the center become positioned further from the blood supply at the periphery of the mass and soon the cells in the center die of nutritional deficiency, creating a lumen filled with fluid. This creates a hydro-static pressure producing bone resorption, clinical expansion and sometimes pain also.
The cyst continues to enlarge unless ENUCLEATION or MARSUPIALIZATION is performed by an oral surgeon.
THE TREATMENT WILL BE DECIDED DEPENDING UPON THE TYPE/ SIZE/LOCATION OF THE CYST