Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic, complex potential potent pre-cancerous condition. As the disease progresses, the jaws become rigid to the point that the sufferer is unable to open their mouth. The condition is linked to oral cancers and is associated with betelnut chewing, the main component of betel quid. Areca nut or betel quid chewing, a habit similar to tobacco chewing.
- Recurrent ulceration
- Pain in the ear or deafness
- Nasal intonation of voice
- Restriction of the movement of the soft palate
- A budlike shrunkenuvula
- Thinning and stiffening of the lips
- Pigmentation of the oral mucosa
- Dryness of the mouth and burning sensation
- Decreased mouth opening and tongue protrusion
Oral submucous fibrosis and similar pre-malignant lesions are now treated with LASER.